Crowding of the Teeth
This issue involves teeth that are too close together, leading to difficulty in cleaning, potentially causing dental health problems. Orthodontic treatment can effectively realign the teeth, enhancing both function and appearance.
An open bite is when the front teeth do not touch, often caused by prolonged thumb-sucking in children. Treatment typically involves braces and appliances to retrain the tongue, resolving the bite issue and improving the ability to bite and chew properly.
This condition occurs when the lower front teeth bite into the palate. It's more effectively treated at a younger age. In adults, treatment may involve braces and possibly jaw surgery to correct the bite and prevent long-term dental issues.
Missing Lateral Incisors:
Congenitally missing lateral incisors can leave noticeable gaps. Orthodontic treatment involves moving adjacent teeth into correct positions, followed by replacing missing teeth with prosthetics like bridges.
Characterized by lower front teeth positioned in front of upper teeth, an underbite can cause jaw discomfort and uneven wear on teeth. Treatment often includes braces and may take several months, greatly improving jaw alignment and function.
Spacing of Teeth
Spaces between teeth can be aesthetically displeasing and affect the bite. Braces can close these spaces effectively, improving the bite and overall appearance. Retainers may be used post-treatment to maintain results.
Overjet (Protruding Front Teeth)
This involves top teeth extending beyond the bottom teeth. Treatment can be a multi-phase process, including jaw growth modulation in children and alignment of teeth and bite in later stages.
Some alignment issues, especially in children, may be addressed without braces. For instance, minor crowding can sometimes be resolved with selective dental procedures, allowing natural alignment as the child grows.
Early intervention (around age eight) can address significant issues like severe crowding or displaced teeth. Treatment may involve expanders and partial braces, significantly improving appearance and dental function at an early developmental stage.